HashiCorp Certified: Vault Associate (002)
Last Update Nov 28, 2023
Total Questions : 57
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You have a 2GB Base64 binary large object (blob) that needs to be encrypted. Which of the following best describes the transit secrets engine?
The transit secrets engine is not a good solution for binaries of this size, because it is designed to handle cryptographic functions on data in-transit, not data at-rest. The transit secrets engine does not store any data sent to it, so it would require sending the entire 2GB blob to Vault for encryption or decryption, which would be inefficient and impractical. A better solution would be to use the transit secrets engine to generate a data key, which is a high-entropy key that can be used to encrypt or decrypt data locally. The data key can be returned in plaintext or wrapped by another key, depending on the use case. This way, the transit secrets engine only handles the encryption or decryption of the data key, not the data itself, and the data can be stored in any primary data store. References: Transit - Secrets Engines | Vault | HashiCorp Developer, Encryption as a service: transit secrets engine | Vault | HashiCorp Developer
What is a benefit of response wrapping?
Response wrapping is a feature that allows Vault to take the response it would have sent to a client and instead insert it into the cubbyhole of a single-use token, returning that token instead. The client can then unwrap the token and retrieve the original response. Response wrapping has several benefits, such as providing cover, malfeasance detection, and lifetime limitation for the secret data. One of the benefits is to ensure that only a single party can ever unwrap the token and see what’s inside, as the token can be used only once and cannot be unwrapped by anyone else, even the root user or the creator of the token. This provides a way to securely distribute secrets to the intended recipients and detect any tampering or interception along the way5.
The other options are not benefits of response wrapping:
References: 5(https://developer.hashicorp.com/vault/docs/concepts/response-wrapping), 6(https://developer.hashicorp.com/vault/docs/secrets), 7(https://developer.hashicorp.com/vault/docs/secrets), (https://developer.hashicorp.com/vault/tutorials/secrets-management/cubbyhole-response-wrapping)
An authentication method should be selected for a use case based on:
An authentication method should be selected for a use case based on the auth method that best establishes the identity of the client. The identity of the client is the basis for assigning a set of policies and permissions to the client in Vault. Different auth methods have different ways of verifying the identity of the client, such as using passwords, tokens, certificates, cloud credentials, etc. Depending on the use case, some auth methods may be more suitable or convenient than others. For example, for human users, the userpass or ldap auth methods may be easy to use, while for machines or applications, the approle or aws auth methods may be more secure and scalable. The choice of the auth method should also consider the trade-offs between security, performance, and usability. References: Auth Methods | Vault | HashiCorp Developer, Authentication - Concepts | Vault | HashiCorp Developer